BIBLIOGRAPHY

Actual Malice is the product of hundreds of written and recorded sources. The backbone of the book came from Gary Condit’s, Chad Condit’s, and Abbe Lowell’s extensive records encompassing more than twenty banker’s boxes of transcripts, detailed memoranda, letters, congressional and legal records, newspaper articles, television news clips, and individual declarations, as well as hundreds of hours of interviews I conducted with primary players in the saga and my own direct involvement with the US Attorney’s Office and other investigators in the 2010 and 2016 trials of Ingmar Guandique.

 

Dialogue in the book is for the most part taken from written contemporaneous records.  Where there is no written record, it is re-created from either interviews of all participants, or a combination of interviews with some participants and prior accounts of the conversation from the non-interviewed participants (such as media interview transcripts or press stories).  There is a limited set of conversations where one participant’s version of what was said or not said had to be chosen over another participant’s differing account, whether in an interview or based on available records.

 

As much as Sari Horwitz and Scott Higham of the Washington Post deserve fault for their unwillingness to fully acknowledge the Washington Post’s and, in the case of Horwitz in particular, her own, central role in the problems that prevented justice for Chandra Levy (including her reporting on the infamous Otis Thomas story), portions of this book benefited from their good work, together with Sylvia Moreno, in investigating the internal dynamics and issues that plagued investigators in the DC Metropolitan Police Department, FBI, and US Attorney’s Office from 2001 through 2008. Their work is reflected both in the twelve-part series titled “Who Killed Chandra Levy?” and published by the Washington Post online (“the Post 12-Part Series”), and in the subsequent book based on that series written by Higham and Horwitz titled Finding Chandra (New York: Scribner, 2010) (“Finding Chandra”). In many instances, their reporting helped confirm my own understanding based on publicly available records, including extensive press stories, nonpublic records in my possession or which I had been allowed to read by the US Attorney’s Office in 2010 and 2016, and discussions with individuals directly involved in the case.

 

The term “including” as used in this bibliographical note means “including, without limitation.”

 

The following describes the key source materials for each chapter of Actual Malice.

 

KEY MATERIALS

 

Ch. 1, Condit Country. Interviews with Gary Condit, Carolyn Condit, Adrian Condit, Jean Condit, Chad Condit, Cadee Condit, Mike Lynch, Burl Condit, Darrell Condit, Dove Condit-Wilson, and Vince Flammini provided invaluable insight. These interviews were supplemented with Gary Condit’s personal and congressional records as well as news archives. Gary Condit’s speech at the Condit Country jamboree was captured in the documentary film Public Service: The Private Campaign of Gary Condit, directed by Kristina Holland and Aaron Garcia (2002), VHS. See also Richard Lei and Petula Dvorak, “The Wait of Their Lives,” Washington Post, August 26, 2001 and Finding Chandra 22-25, 247-248 (New York: Scribner, 2010) which together provided certain of the information concerning the Levy family.

 

Ch. 2, Public and Private Trust. Interviews with Gary Condit, Burl Condit, Vince Flammini, Roger Chiang, and Darrell Condit provided invaluable insight. Congressional records together with news archives capture much of the information included in the subsection “Stay in the Box.” My Peace I Offer You: The Disappearance of Joyce Chiang by Roger Chiang (2008) provided a road map for the subsection “Cold Case Capital.” News archives and discussions with law enforcement officials directly involved in the Joyce Chiang investigation further substantiate the information in this section. Certain specific materials include: Press Conference, “Cost of Presidential Investigation”, Hon. H. Waxman and Hon. G. Condit October 7, 1998 United States Congress available at: https://www.c-span.org/video/?113049-1/cost-presidential-investigation; John Dean, “RETHINKING THE SCARLET ‘H’: Is It Fair To Call Gary Condit A Hypocrite?” FindLaw, August 17, 2001, available at: http://writ.news.findlaw.com/dean/20010817.html; Frank Bruni, “IMPEACHMENT: THE MAVERICKS; Democrats Find More of Their Own Leaning Toward Voting for Impeachment,” New York Times, December 15, 1998, available at: http://www.nytimes.com/1998/12/15/us/impeachment-mavericks-democrats-find-more-their-own-leaning-toward-voting-for.html; “The Impeachment Vote,” Washington Post, December 19, 1998, available at: http://www.washingtonpost.com/wp-srv/politics/special/clinton/housevote/ca.htm; United States House of Representatives,  Privileges Of The House—Impeaching William Jefferson Clinton, President Of The United States, For High Crimes And Misdemeanors,” December 18, 1998; Remarks of Rep. G. Condit available at: https://www.congress.gov/congressional-record/1998/12/18/house-section/article/h11879-2; Peter Perl and Cheryl Thompson, “Community Cop,” Washington Post, November 22, 1998, available at http://www.washingtonpost.com/wp-srv/local/longterm/dcpolice/ramsey/ramsey_sun1.htm; Eddie Dean, “The Murder Victim Next Door,” Washington City Paper, July 30, 1999, available at: http://www.washingtoncitypaper.com/news/article/13018207/the-murder-victim-next-door; United States House of Representatives, “Heartbroken Farewell to Joyce Chiang,” April 13, 1999; remarks of Rep. Howard Berman available at https://www.gpo.gov/fdsys/pkg/CRECB-1999-pt5/pdf/CRECB-1999-pt5-Pg6297-3.pdf; Arthur Santana, “Levy case brings change to D.C.,” Washington Post, June 11, 2001; Stephen Braun, “Earlier unsolved death haunts search for Levy,” Los Angeles Times, July 1, 2001; Arthur Santana, “D.C. Keeps Little Data on Missing: Intern Disappearance Shows Gap in Police Records,” Washington Post, June 10, 2001, available at http://www.washingtonpost.com/wp-dyn/articles/A45373-2001Jun9.html; Cheryl W. Thompson, “Homicide Probes Still Stumbling: D.C. Panel Faults Handling of Evidence, Records,” Washington Post, June 12, 2001; and Tish Durkin, “Joyce Chiang, Chandra Levy, and Awful, Gnawing Uncertainties,” National Journal, June 30, 2001.

 

Ch. 3, Warning Signs. Interviews with Gary Condit, Mike Dayton, Vince Flammini, Mike Lynch, and Steve Peace provided invaluable insight. Congressional records, including official congressional/ US Department of the Navy CODEL itinerary and photos, helped frame the subsection “Warning Signs.” Gary Condit’s congressional records, including a contemporaneous office memorandum with attached transcript, provided the raw material for the subsection “Khandet.” Additional specified source material includes: Letter from William L. Webb, Office of the Chairman, the Joint Chiefs of Staff, to Hon. Gary Condit, regarding CODEL “Fowler”, including enclosed photographs; Memorandum to FILE, from B.J. Haynes, dated July 12, 2001, Re: Interview with Mike Lynch; and CNN Larry King Weekend, Larry King, Interview with Ann Marie Smith aired July 28, 2001, transcript available at: http://www.cnn.com/TRANSCRIPTS/0107/28/lklw.00.html.

 

Ch. 4, Intern. Interviews with Gary Condit, Mike Dayton, Mike Lynch, Carolyn Condit, Mike Lynch, Willie Brown Jr., Rusty Areias, Gerald Eaves, Steve Peace, Pete Geren, Jimmy Hayes, and Mike Parker provided invaluable insight. Photos referenced in the subsection “Political Field Trip” were provided by the US Attorney’s Office and developed from Chandra Levy’s camera by investigators. Congressional records and news archives further substantiate Gary Condit’s policymaking record (including Greg Pierce, “Dueling bills battle ‘unfunded mandates’,” Washington Times, August 1, 1994 and Richard Zaiger and A.G. Block, “The Decline and Fall of Speaker Willie Brown Jr.?” California Journal (1988)). Information in the subsection “Gang of Five” is further supported by Basic Brown: My Life and Our Times, Willie Brown Jr. (Simon & Shuster, 2008). Special mention is required for the original naming of the “Blue Dogs” by Jimmy Hayes, which is supported by an extensive interview with Jimmy Hayes and a letter from J. Hayes to Mary Bertaut, Louisiana State Archives, re. “Washington Blue Dog,” dated April 14, 2008.

 

Ch. 5, Turning Points. Interviews with Gary Condit, Cadee Condit, Vince Flammini, Mike Lynch, and Steve Peace provided invaluable insight. News archives substantiate Chandra Levy’s e-mails and her interactions with her landlord. News archives, court documents, and discussions with representatives of the US Attorney’s Office substantiate the information concerning Ingmar Guandique in the subsection “Inauguration.” Certain specific materials supporting the information in this chapter include: Toby Harnden, “Fears for missing intern linked to congressman,” Telegraph, May 19, 2001; Finding Chandra, 63-66 (New York: Scribner, 2010); Official CODEL “Smith” Itinerary from records of Office of Hon. Gary Condit; House Agriculture CODEL Italy, Egypt, & Spain August 17-31, 1998, Briefing Paper for Congressman Gary A. Condit; David Lazarus, “U.S. Head of Energy Regulation Resigns / Likely successor pledges to ease California's plight,” San Francisco Chronicle, January 11, 2001; Confidential Memo to File re. “Interview with Vince Flammini” dated July 11, 2001 prepared by Dorene D’Adamo.

 

Ch. 6, Exchanges. Interviews with Gary Condit provided the basis for much of the dialogue in this chapter. Specific information regarding Ingmar Guandique in the subsection “Tryst” is based on the following sources: the Post 12-Part Series, chapter 6; other news archives; Finding Chandra, 62–68 (New York: Scribner, 2010); Iris Portillo Trial Transcript, October 27, 2010, 2009-CF1-9230; Sheila Phillips Trial Transcript, October 27, 2010, 2009-CF1-9230; and the Affidavit in Support of an Arrest Warrant, Superior Court of the District of Columbia, Defendant Name: Ingmar Guandique, March 3, 2009, issued by US Attorney’s Office (“2009 Guandique Arrest Warrant”). Chandra’s e-mail to her landlord in the subsection “Good-bye” is reported in Finding Chandra, 25–26 (New York: Scribner, 2010). See also Sylvia Moreno, “Fleeing Poverty, Landing in Jail,” Washington Post, October 6, 2002.

 

Ch. 7, Flotus and Potus. Interviews with Gary Condit, Carolyn Condit, Mike Dayton, Mike Lynch, Rebecca Cooper, and Darrell Condit provided invaluable insight. This chapter is further supported by the following key sources: news archives; a detailed timeline of Gary’s activities between April 28, 2001 and May 4, 2001 provided by A. Lowell to law enforcement in June 2001; law-enforcement records disclosed to author; transcripts of media interviews given by Susan and Dr. Robert Levy; and discussions with representatives of the US Attorney’s Office. Information regarding Ingmar Guandique in the subsection “A Meeting with Dick” is substantiated by the 2009 Guandique Arrest Warrant and other court records, as well as Finding Chandra, 62–68 (New York: Scribner, 2010). Certain specific materials underlying the information in this chapter include: Confidential law enforcement records showed to the author by AUSA Amanda Haines; Gary Condit’s schedule provided by A. Lowell to Metropolitan Police Department; Katherine Steely, “Lunch at the White House Proves No Big Draw,” New York Times, May 1, 2001; ABC News, “Bush Marks 100 Days in Office,” ABC News, April 30, 2001; Gary Condit’s Congressional Office schedule; Author’s discussions with US Attorney’s Office regarding confirmation of meeting with Vice President D. Cheney’s office; Author’s review of Chandra Levy’s voicemails played for Author by AUSA Amanda Haines in 2010; and Private and Confidential Memorandum re “GC’s Initial Contacts with Police” from Gary Condit’s Office Records (this memorandum was prepared by Gary’s representatives within 7 days of the interview among Durant, Wyatt and Gary at the Lynshire, and details his best recollection of his interactions with law enforcement beginning on May 6, when Dr. Levy called Gary at his home in Ceres, and ending on May 10).

 

Ch. 8, Fumbles. Interviews with Gary Condit, Mike Dayton, Rebecca Cooper, Mike Lynch and discussions with AUSA Deborah Sines, AUSA Amanda Haines, Lead Investigator Anthony Brigidini, and others support much of the material in this chapter. According to Sines the Metro Police Department has multiple “versions” of notes reflecting the May 9, 2001 interview with Gary. Sines detailed for Author Detective Durant’s handwritten note that was discovered by the US Attorney’s Office in 2016 and further reflected Gary’s recollection of the discussion on May 9, 2001. Additionally, in 2010, AUSA Amanda Haines provided the author with the OASIS supplement that was “pulled”/missing from metro police records for nearly a decade. This chapter is further supported by the following sources: law-enforcement records (including Metropolitan Police Dept. WACIIS Investigative Supplement Report No. 2DDU01-185/2, May 9, 2001, and Metropolitan Police Dept. WACIIS Investigative Supplement Report No. 22DDU01-185/19, June 6, 2001); court records (including Detective Ronald Wyatt Trial Transcript, October 26, 2010, 2009-CF1-9230; Officer Charles Egan Trial Transcript, October 26, 2010, 2009-CF1- 9230; Gary Condit Trial Transcript, November 1, 2010, 2009-CF1-9230; and Sheila Phillips Trial Transcript, October 27, 2010, 2009-CF1-9230); discussions with representatives of the US Attorney’s Office; news archives (including the Post 12-Part Series, chapter 6; Michael Doyle, “Condit, police roughed up during first week of Chandra Levy murder trial,” McClatchy Newspapers, October 29, 2010; and Marc Sandalow and Chuck Squatriglia, “Apartment Entered on May 10,” San Francisco Chronicle, July 19, 2001, re. police officers fail to obtain surveillance tapes from Chandra Levy’s apartment); transcripts of media interviews given by Susan and Dr. Robert Levy; “Private and Confidential Memorandum re. GC’s Initial Contacts with Police” dated May 2001; Finding Chandra, 56–57 (New York: Scribner, 2010); the 2009 Guandique Arrest Warrant; and Private and Confidential Memorandum re “GC’s Initial Contacts with Police” from Gary Condit’s Office Records. (The memorandum includes a detailed recollection of the discussion among Durant, Wyatt and Gary at the Lynshire). Susan Levy’s accounts of this telephone conversation with Gary vary, greatly, both as to when the discussion occurred and whether or not Ms. Levy asked Gary directly whether he was having an extramarital affair with Chandra. In Susan Levy’s later 2001-interviews she either acknowledges that she is not certain she asked him directly or appears to acknowledge that she did not. In these interviews, however, Susan Levy makes the point that if she did not ask Gary directly whether he was having an extramarital affair with Chandra, consistent with Gary’s recollection, then Gary omitted to inform her of the relationship with Chandra when she asked him about other members of Congress.

 

Ch. 9, Going National. Interviews with Gary Condit, Mike Dayton, Darrell Condit, Mike Lynch, John Conyers, Jack Russ, Cadee Condit, Chad Condit, Channce Condit, Carolyn Condit, Steve Peace, Adrian Condit, and Jean Condit provided invaluable insight. This chapter is further supported by the following key materials: news archives (including Arthur Santana, “NW Woman Missing For a Week,” Washington Post, May 11, 2001; Jim Zamora, “Modesto woman is missing in Washington, D.C. / Police begin bicoastal search for grad student,” San Francisco Chronicle, May 13, 2001; and Judy Sly, “A missing woman and a media circus,” Modesto Bee, May 19, 2001, available at http://www.modbee.com/news/special-reports/article3097176.html); court records (including Officer Charles Egan Trial Transcript, October 26, 2010, 2009-CF1-9230, Detective Ronald Wyatt Trial Transcript, October 26, 2010, 2009-CF1-9230 and the 2009 Guandique Arrest Warrant); transcripts of media interviews given by Susan Levy and Dr. Robert Levy; discussions with representatives of the US Attorney’s Office; letter from Joseph Cotchett to NBC News dated June 13, 2001, re. cropped photo with supporting exhibits, together with a response letter from NBC; and Confidential Memorandum re. “NBC reply June 14, 2001 letter” dated June 14, 2001 and prepared by Don Thornton of Cotchett, Pitre & Simon (Thornton discussion with J. Baker).

 

Ch. 10, Tempest. Interviews with Gary Condit, Rusty Areias, and Mike Dayton provided invaluable insight. This chapter is further supported by the following key sources: news archives (including Allan Lengel, “Intern Spent Night, Condit Told Police,” Washington Post, June 7, 2001, available at http://www.washingtonpost.com/wp-dyn/content/article/2008/06/17/AR2008061700847.html); discussions with representatives of the US Attorney’s Office; and law enforcement records (including Metropolitan Police Dept. WACIIS Investigative Supplement Report No. 22DDU01-185/19, June 6, 2001).

 

Ch. 11, Suspect CM. Interviews with Gary Condit, Mike Lynch, Mike Dayton, and Joseph Cotchett provided invaluable insight. This chapter is further supported by the following key sources: discussions with law enforcement (including AUSA Deborah Sines); news archives (including Judy Sly, “A missing woman and a media circus,” Modesto Bee, May 19, 2001, available at http://www.modbee.com/news/special-reports/article3097176.html); transcripts of media interviews; and attorney records (including “Statement in Response to Inquiries Regarding Anne Marie Smith” issued by Cotchett, Pitre & Simon dated July 3, 2001, together with attachments including letter from Star magazine to Gary Condit and e-mail and draft affidavit from D. Thornton to J. Robinson). Susan Levy’s collage involving Chandra Levy and Gary Condit is reported in Finding Chandra, 247–248 (New York: Scribner, 2010).

 

Ch. 12, Post Position. Interviews of Gary Condit, Mike Lynch, Abbe Lowell, Mike Dayton, Joseph Cotchett, and Chad Condit provided invaluable insight. This chapter is further supported by the following key sources: news archives (including Petula Dvorak and Allan Lengel, “Missing Intern’s Family Asks Condit for Help,” Washington Post, June 15, 2001; Anthony York, “Stunned in Sacramento,” Salon.com, July 14, 2001; Jim Rutenberg, “Levy Case Brings Out Cable’s Instinct for the Racy and Repetitive,” New York Times, July 30, 2001; and Felicity Barringer, “The Lost Privacy of Gary Condit,” New York Times online, July 8, 2001); transcripts of media interviews; declarations of Walter Hughes dated June 21, 2001, Don Wilcox dated June 21, 2001, Scarlett Parker dated June 20, 2001, and Mike Lynch dated June 20, 2001; congressional records (including letter from M. Lynch to D. LeGrand of the Modesto Bee dated June 8, 2001); and court records (including Dominick Dunne Deposition, September 29, 2004, 02-CIV-9910, and Detective Ronald Wyatt Trial Transcript, October 26, 2010, 2009-CF1-9230).       

 

Ch. 13, Albatross. Interviews with Mike Dayton, Gary Condit, Carolyn Condit, Cadee Condit,

Adrian Condit, Jean Condit, Chad Condit, Mike Lynch, and Abbe Lowell provided invaluable insight. This chapter is further supported by the following key sources: news archives (including Petula Dvorak and Allan Lengel, “Intern’s Parents Return—With New Attorney,” Washington Post, June 20, 2001; “The Impeachment Vote,” Washington Post, December 19, 1998, available at: http://www.washingtonpost.com/wp-srv/politics/special/clinton/housevote/ca.htm; Lloyd Grove, “The Reliable Source,” Washington Post, July 10, 2001; Niles Lathem, “New Chandra Twist: Condit Ditched Her Days Before She Vanished,” New York Post, June 28, 2001, available at: http://nypost.com/2001/06/28/new-chandra-twist-condit-ditched-her-days-before-she-vanished/; Allan Lengel and Petula Dvorak, “Aunt Details Alleged Affair; Account Based on Talks With Levy, Relative Says,” Washington Post, July 6, 2001; Kerry Lauerman, “The congressman, the missing intern, and the mother,” Salon, June 22, 2001, available at http://www.salon.com/2001/06/22/condit_2/; and Allan Lengel and Petula Dvorak, “Condit Confirms Affair To Police, Sources Say,” Washington Post, July 8, 2001); transcripts of interviews with media (including Larry King Live, “Dominick Dunne Discusses ‘Justice’,” CNN, June 26, 2001); Finding Chandra, 87–90 (Levys and Martin meet with Metropolitan Police and J. Barrett determines Levys’ insistence on pursuing Gary Condit becoming an “albatross”), 97 (Smith meeting with FBI and her comment that Gary “was a decent man”), 122 (J. Barrett version of discussion with A. Lowell at Starbucks), 125–126 (discussion between B. Kittay and J. Barrett and J. Barrett discussion with  C. Ramsey, re. prosecutors, in each case, after the July 6 law-enforcement interview of Gary Condit) (New York: Scribner, 2010); congressional records (including press releases issued by Gary Condit’s office each titled “Statement of Congressman Gary A. Condit” and dated June 22, 2001); letter from A. Lowell to H. Pasichow, re. “The Condit Family” dated June 27, 2001; the Post 12-Part Series, chapters 5–6; the 2009 Guandique Arrest Warrant and other court documents; The Daily Howler, “Our Current Howler (part IV): An ugly, dirty business,” August 30, 2001; Confidential and Privileged Memorandum to Attorney File re. “Meeting with Congressman Condit and D.C. Police” dated June 23, 2001 (which includes a detailed / near-verbatim account of Gary’s second interview with law enforcement); Confidential and Privileged Memorandum to Attorney File re. “Interview of Mrs. Carolyn Condit by U.S. Attorney’s Office, FBI and D.C. Police Department” dated July 5, 2001 (which includes a detailed / near-verbatim account of Carolyn’s interview with law enforcement); Confidential and Privileged Memorandum to Attorney File re. “Meeting with Congressman Gary A. Condit, Abbe D. Lowell, Esquire, Detective Commander Jack Barrett, Detective Ralph Durant, AUSA Barbara Kittay” dated July 7, 2001 (which includes a detailed / near-verbatim account of Gary’s third interview with law enforcement); letter from A. Lowell to Cmdr. J. Barrett, re. “Fox News Press Clip” dated June 26, 2001; letter from Joseph Cotchett to Roger Ailes (chairman and CEO of Fox News Network), re. “Unethical Coverage of Congressman Gary A. Condit” dated June 28, 2001; Metropolitan Police Department WACIIS Investigative Supplement Report Number 22DDU01-185/30, June 23, 2001; and Metropolitan Police Department WACIIS Investigative Supplement Report Number 22DDU01-185/55, July 29, 2001.

 

Ch. 14, Unreliable Sources. Interviews with Rebecca Cooper, Carolyn Condit, Mike Lynch, Mike Dayton, Vince Flammini, Abbe Lowell, Gary Condit, Cadee Condit, Chad Condit, Adrian Condit, and Jean Condit provided invaluable insight. This chapter is further supported by the following key sources: news archives (including Lisa DePaulo, “Not So Fast, Gary,” The Daily Beast, February 22, 2009, re. L. DePaulo exchange with J. Greenfield at CNN offices, available at: http://www.thedailybeast.com/articles/2009/02/23/not-so-fast-gary.html; Paul Brownfield, “The Condit Saga: To Cover or Not to Cover?” Los Angeles Times, July 13, 2001; and Niles Lathem, “ABC Reporter Dated Condit,” New York Post, July 7, 2001, available at: http://nypost.com/2001/07/07/abc-reporter-dated-condit/); Howard Kurtz, Reality Show: Inside the Latest Great Television News War (Free Press, 2007), 17–18; transcripts of interviews with media (including appearances of Susan Levy, Dr. Robert Levy, Billy Martin, Barbara Olson, Mark Geragos on CNN’s Larry King Live); Ceres Department of Public Safety, Crime Report File No. 201-04448, dated July 8, 2001 (CNN stakeout of Condit home in Ceres and KFBK radio trespass on Condit property); Confidential Memorandum from M. Lynch to G. Condit re. “The Minister’s Daughter Article” dated September 19, 2002; Confidential Memo to File re. “Interview with Vince Flammini” dated July 11, 2001 prepared by Dorene D’Adamo; discussions with representatives of the US Attorney’s Office; Finding Chandra, 25–27 (Chandra Levy’s e-mails) and 157 (misinterpreting URL) (New York: Scribner, 2010); and court records (including depositions of key figures).

 

Ch. 15, Open Season. Interviews with Gary Condit, Abbe Lowell, Carolyn Condit, Vince Flammini, Mike Dayton, and Mike Lynch provided invaluable insight. This chapter is further supported by the following key sources: news archives (including Jim Rutenberg, “Why Dan Rather and CBS Limited Coverage of Levy Case,” New York Times, July 23, 2001 and Petula Dvorak and Allan Lengel, “Condit is linked to a new affair,” Washington Post, July 12, 2001); transcripts of interviews with media; records of Abbe Lowell of the search of Gary Condit’s condo at the Lynshire; records of Abbe Lowell of the DNA samples taken of Gary Condit; author’s correspondence with the US Attorney’s Office regarding DNA testing related to Chandra Levy; discussions with representatives of the US Attorney’s Office; Officer Charles Egan Trial Transcript, October 26, 2010, 2009-CF1-9230; Reality Show, 17–18 (Free Press, 2007); Confidential Memorandum from M. Lynch to G. Condit re. “The Minister’s Daughter Article” dated September 19, 2002; Confidential Memo to File re. “Interview with Vince Flammini” dated July 11, 2001 prepared by Dorene D’Adamo; letter from B. Martin to A. Lowell, re. “Chandra Levy Investigation” dated July 9, 2001; letter from A. Lowell to B. Martin, re. “Chandra Levy Investigation” dated July 13, 2001; Memorandum to File from Barry D. Colvert re. “01-060 Gary A. Condit Polygraph” dated July 18, 2001, including attached raw results of polygraph examination of Gary Condit; and correspondence from A. Lowell to law enforcement, re. Colvert polygraph examination of Gary Condit.

 

Ch. 16, Contradictions and Misses. Interviews with Darrell Condit, Vince Flammini, Gary Condit, Abbe Lowell, Mike Dayton, and Mike Lynch provided invaluable insight. This chapter is further supported by the following key sources: news archives (including The Daily Howler, “Our Current Howler (part IV): An ugly, dirty business,” August 30, 2001 (Billy Martin statements to media, re. pregnancy rumors); The Daily Howler, “Our Current Howler (part I): Great American novel,” August 27, 2001 (Lisa DePaulo reporting on Chandra Levy’s sex life and press statement of Judy Bachrach); Eric Boehlert, “The Ever Changing Stories of Billy Martin,” Salon, September 7, 2001; Eric Boehlert, “Junk Journalism” The Nation, July 27, 2001 (Geraldo Rivera); Associated Press, “CBS Evening News Airs Levy Story,” New York Times, July 19, 2001; Kenneth R. Bazinet and Helen Kennedy, “D.C. Park Combed for Clues,” Daily News, July 17, 2001 (search of Rock Creek Park, Gary Condit vasectomy, “clear Condit of siring a son”); Michael Doyle, “Police Follow Trail Left on Laptop,” Modesto Bee, July 17, 2001 (search of Rock Creek Park); Stephen Braun, “No Landfill Hunt in Levy Case,” Los Angeles Times, July 18, 2001; Andrew DeMillo and Allan Lengel, “Levy Searchers Turn Up Little in Parks: Bones Are Found, Probably from Animals,” Washington Post, July 17, 2001 (search of Rock Creek Park); Allan Lengel and Sari Horwitz, “Levy Looked Up Map of a Rock Creek Site,” Washington Post, July 16, 2001 (Chandra Levy’s Internet searches); Allan Lengel and Petula Dvorak, “Minister Recants Story About Condit,” Washington Post, July 21, 2001, available at https://www.washingtonpost.com/archive/politics/2001/07/21/minister-recants-story-about-condit/ce74a599-1339-474f-a558-bd9b14041c15/; Matthew Cooper, “Under the Hot Lights: Gary Condit’s Cowboys,” Time, July 29, 2001, available at http://content.time.com/time/nation/article/0,8599,169278,00.html; Evan Thomas and Karen Breslau, “Behind the Smile: From preacher’s kid to pol with a taste for motorcycles and mosh pits, the odyssey of Gary Condit,” Newsweek, July 23, 2001; and Newsweek Staff, “Nonexistent Phone Calls (And Other False Tales)” Newsweek, August 5, 2001, available at http://www.newsweek.com/periscope-nonexistent-phone-calls-and-other-false-tales-151547); transcripts of media interviews (including appearances of Susan Levy and Dr. Robert Levy on CNN’s Larry King Live and Larry King Live, “Authorities Get Anonymous Website Tip in Levy Case,” CNN, August 1, 2001); copy of the e-mail written by John LeBoutillier, re. “RJ” and Gary Condit; Dominick Dunne Deposition, September 29, 2004, 02-CIV-9910; Finding Chandra, 157, 164–165 (search of Rock Creek Park), 197–198 (Mosley tip and follow-up by detectives) (New York: Scribner, 2010); discussions with representatives of the US Attorney’s Office; court records (including 2009 Guandique Arrest Warrant); congressional records (including Gary Condit’s personal correspondence from Ralph Hall and press release issued July 17, 2001 by Rep. Jane Harman, re. Statement on Police Search for Missing Intern); Privileged and Confidential Memorandum to File from B. Colvert re. “01-060 Gary A. Condit Polygraph” dated July 18, 2001; copies of Metropolitan Police Department and FBI press releases; Privileged and Confidential Memorandum to Condit File re. “Meeting with Law Enforcement” dated July 24, 2001 (detailing A. Lowell’s meeting with representatives from the US Attorney’s Office, Metro Police, and FBI on July 24, 2001); Privileged and Confidential Memo re. “Chief Ramsey (and Deputy Chief Gainer): Quotes on Polygraph Test (7/13/01 until 7/21/01), Sources: TOP 50 US Newspapers, Newswires” dated on or about July 21, 2001; Privileged and Confidential Memorandum to File re. “Meeting with FBI and MPD” dated September 7, 2001; and Bill Tarrant, “Old Drum: A Monument to Man’s Best Friend is Also a Memorial to the Men That Defend a Dog’s Honor,” Field & Steam, October 1991.

 

Ch. 17, Fighting Back. Interviews with Gary Condit, Chad Condit, Cadee Condit, Adrian Condit, Jean Condit, Carolyn Condit, Burl Condit, Abbe Lowell, Mike Dayton, Roger Chiang, and Mike Lynch provided invaluable insight. This chapter is further supported by the following key sources: news archives (including Mark Z. Barabak and Dan Morain, “Too Little, Too Late From Condit, Davis Says,” Los Angeles Times, August 28, 2001, available at http://articles.latimes.com/2001/aug/28/local/me-39226; Richard Lei and Petula Dvorak, “The Wait of Their Lives”, Washington Post, August 26, 2001, available at https://www.washingtonpost.com/archive/lifestyle/2001/08/26/the-wait-of-their-lives/29bb842d-8fd1-401a-97fe-00c7d186c4c6/); transcripts of media interviews (including appearances of Chad Condit, Cadee Condit, Susan Levy and Dr. Robert Levy on CNN’s Larry King Live, Billy Martin on CNN with Wolf Blitzer, and Gary Condit on ABC with Connie Chung); Gary Condit’s congressional records (including correspondence with Connie Chung); A. Lowell correspondence to B. Martin; American Journalism Review, “Chung v. Condit,” October 1, 2001 (Univ. of Maryland) (Connie Chung’s impressions during her interview of Gary Condit); court records (including Dominick Dunne Deposition, September 29, 2004, 02-CIV-9910, and Grand Jury Citizen Complaint against Gary Condit, Mike Lynch, and Don Thornton for charges of Criminal Conspiracy and Subornation of Perjury filed by Judicial Watch, Inc. with the Stanislaus County Grand Jury August 27, 2001); and Lee Hamilton and Thomas H. Kean, “Chapter Eight: ‘The System Was Blinking Red,’” The 9/11 Report: The National Commission on Terrorist Attacks Upon the United States (New York: St. Martin Paperbacks, 2010).

 

Ch. 18, Horse Whisperer. Interviews with Lin Wood, Gary Condit, and Cadee Condit provided invaluable insight. This chapter is further supported by the following sources: court records (including Dominick Dunne Deposition, September 29, 2004, 02-CIV-9910, and the 2009 Guandique Arrest Warrant, re. selection of Guandique from photo array on September 17, 2001); news archives (including accounts of Dominick Dunne’s retelling of the horse whisperer’s stories in various settings as well as Dunne’s own writings on the matter in Vanity Fair); transcripts of interviews with media (including transcripts of Dominick Dunne’s many appearances on television and radio shows); Finding Chandra, 195–198 (information in subsection “Crimes” regarding Ramon Alvarez and Ingmar Guandique) (New York: Scribner, 2010); and discussions with representatives of the US Attorney’s Office.

 

Ch. 19, Sentencing. Interviews with Mike Lynch, Mike Dayton, Gary Condit, Chad Condit, Adrian Condit, Jean Condit, Carolyn Condit, Cadee Condit, and Burl Condit provided invaluable insight. This chapter is further supported by the following key sources: news archives (including extensive local coverage of Gary Condit’s final election, including the candidate debates); Gary Condit’s congressional office records (including a memorandum from M. Lynch to G. Condit detailing the then current campaign cash position and M. Lynch’s assessment of the difficulties of running for reelection and lack of endorsements); court records (including original complaint for defamation filed by Gary A. Condit against Dominick Dunne; Dominick Dunne Deposition, September 29, 2004, 02-CIV-9910, and the 2009 Guandique Arrest Warrant); transcripts of interviews with media (including Dominick Dunne’s appearance on the Laura Ingraham Show and Gary Condit’s appearance on CNN’s Larry King Live); Finding Chandra, 195–204 (information in subsection “Decisions” regarding the polygraph examination and sentencing of Ingmar Guandique) (New York: Scribner, 2010); discussions with representatives of the US Attorney’s Office; and Public Service: The Private Campaign of Gary Condit, directed by Kristina Holland and Aaron Garcia (2002), VHS (documentary film covering Gary’s final election).

 

Ch. 20, What Remains. Interviews with Gary Condit provided invaluable insight. This chapter is further supported by the following key materials: news archives (including the Post 12-Part Series, chapter 11, re. discovery of Chandra Levy’s remains in Rock Creek Park and Michael Grass, “The Forgotten Discovery of Ingmar Guandique’s Name,” Washingtoncitypaper.com, October 25, 2010 (Amy Keller publicly identifying Ingmar Guandique as potential suspect in Chandra Levy murder)); and Finding Chandra, 207–216 (discovery of Chandra Levy’s remains in Rock Creek Park and follow-up search and discovery of bones by Levy family private detectives) (New York: Scribner, 2010).

 

Ch. 21, Legacy. Interviews with Gary Condit and Mike Dayton provided invaluable insight. This chapter is further supported by the following key materials: congressional records (including personal letters from congressional members to Gary Condit and reports and footage of 9/11 hearings).

 

Ch. 22, Civil Liability. Interviews with Gary Condit, Carolyn Condit, Cadee Condit, Chad Condit, Lin Wood, Vince Flammini, and Steve Peace provided invaluable insight. This chapter is further supported by the following key materials: court records (including civil depositions of key participants, including Dominick Dunne Deposition, September 29, 2004, 02-CIV-9910); Gary Condit’s congressional and legal records compiling the cases against the tabloids; records of tabloid stories and sources collected by Chad Condit; and news archives.

 

Ch. 23, Guilt. Interviews with Gary Condit, Chad Condit, Cadee Condit, Darrell Condit, Adrian Condit, Jean Condit, Vince Flammini, and Tony Brigidini provided invaluable insight. Additionally, this chapter is based in part on the author’s direct involvement in the events. This chapter is further supported by news archives.

 

Ch. 24, Cold Case. Interviews with Gary Condit, Cadee Condit, Chad Condit, Carolyn Condit, Tom Warwick, Tony Brigidini, and Roger Chiang provided invaluable insight. Additionally, much of this material is based on the author’s direct involvement in the events. This chapter is further supported by the following key sources: new archives; discussions with representatives of the US Attorney’s Office; review of evidence provided by the US Attorney’s Office; and court records (including Detective Ronald Wyatt Trial Transcript, October 26, 2010, 2009-CF1-9230; Dr. Robert Levy Trial Transcript, October 26, 2010, 2009-CF1-9230; Gary Condit Trial Transcript, November 1, 2010, 2009-CF1-9230; and Armando Morales Trial Transcript, November 4, 2010, 2009-CF1-9230).

 

Ch. 25, Woe and Epilogue. Interviews with Gary Matthew Condit, Gary Condit, Carolyn Condit, and Chad Condit provided invaluable insight. Gary Matthew Condit also contributed to the writing of the subsection “Gary Condit.” This chapter is further supported by the following key sources: news archives; discussions with representatives of the US Attorney’s Office, Anthony Brigidini, and Roger Chiang and author’s correspondences with representatives of the US Attorney’s Office; and court records (including Motion for Depositions and Supplemental Notice, May 19, 2016 Status Hearing, United States of America v. Ingmar Guandique (Case No. 2009 CF1 9230), Superior Court of the District of Columbia, Criminal Division).